Researchers could find five to six Tylophora balakrishnanii and 15 to 16 Tylophora neglecta plants in the respective areas. Shola – grassland – The portrait of Indian Forest A typical shola land is ‘Avalanche, about 30 km from Ooty and comprising of a lake, shola grassland as well as spectacular mountain view. It is a Tropical Montane Forest. Shola Forests of Nilgiri. 2. Some consider the Shola forest as the natural adaptation to climate temperature and rainfall; others consider the forest as an example for secondary forest due to man forest interaction and years of shifting agriculture. SHOLA SKY ISLANDS. For example, If you purchase the notes with “Download Validity == 2 Years,” on 01/01/2020, then you will be able to download the Static Files + Current Affairs files till 02/01/2022. RESEARCHER. Washed away are the dark moss and wild balsam covered rocks that shaped the flow of every stream;; Lost are the dwarf bamboo and forest kurinji (shrubs of blue flowers), ferns and orchids of the forest floor. India also faces a severe threat of Land desertification . JOBS EXAMS Home; Demo Live Lecture; GOVT. The temperate forest also known as shola forest are found in a) Upper Himalayas up to a height of 1000-2000mt b) Hills of north-eastern India c) Forest of Andaman and Nicobar Island d) The forest in the Nilgiris, Annamalai and Palani hills of Peninsular India. Nov 27, 2020 - Climate Change (Part - 2) UPSC Notes | EduRev is made by best teachers of UPSC. “The Shola vegetation has become relict in Ooty Nilgiris and may vanish soon as a result of exotics and tea plantations,” it added. UPSC Exam Preparation: This week GK and current affairs quiz from February 09 – February 15 for UPSC Prelims Exam preparation. Question: With reference to the Geranium, consider the following statements: It has medicinal value and its; Which of the above given statements are true? The flowers of the new species are white with a violet tinge. (150 Words) The Hindu Tylophora neglecta has been discovered from the shola forest on the Thooval Mala hill under the Achencoil forest division in Kollam. A forest cover may or may not be a part of forest area. Choose the correct ones: a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2 3. a) 1 only b) 2 only c) Both 1 and 2 d) Neither 1 nor 2 . A forest is a land area of more than 0.5 hectare, with a tree canopy cover of more than 10%, which is not primarily under agricultural or other specific non-forest land use (FAO). National Forest Policy-1952, 1988 Its leaves are thick and bristly in nature. Compared to 1973, Shola grasslands areas have seen a 7% decline by 2014. Shola Sky Islands host tropical montane grasslands in a matrix with forests, in the global biodiversity hotspot - Western Ghats. Test your general knowledge on current affairs now with our weekly GK and current affairs quiz for UPSC Civil Services Exam and other competitive exams like SSC, PCS, Banking exams, etc. The flowers of … It is a stunted forest growth of diverse grass species and made up of dwarf trees growing 25-30 feet. Biodiversity is the number and variety of organisms found within a specified geographical region. chaitanya krishna. They are patches of evergreen tropical and subtropical moist broadleaf forests amid grasslands found in Southern India, particularly Nilgiris, Palani Hills an Annamalai Hills. What is the Issue? Topic: Salient features of world’s physical geography 2) What are shola grasslands? The Shola forests of South India derive their name from the Tamil word solai, which means a ‘tropical rain forest’. Consider the following statement/s: 1. SBI CLERK; SBI PO; Have any question? Date: March 17, 2017 Author: theexamsmadesimple 0 Comments ‘Sholas’ is a word derived from Tamil word sholai meaning tropical rain forest. 2. The path of the debris flow, almost 1.2 kilometres long, has a few bends. Endemic: The genus impatiens has 6 species endemic to grasslands: Nilgiri Tahr, … … River Ganges is perennial because it is fed by the melting glacier all the year round. The area recorded as forests in the government records is called forest cover. Unlike other rivers in the peninsular region these rivers are perennial and they never go dry like the Ganges in the North India. Top 50 Most Important Topics For GEOGRAPHY. UPSC WIKIPEDIA. Predominance of shoal forest, grasslands . UPSC Prelims 2020 Test Series MYUPSC.COM 1. They are native to Southern Western Ghats. Acacia was introduced in Shola forest area; Which of the above given statements are true? IBPS PO/MT; SSC CGL 2019; NEW INDIA ASSURANCE; SSC CHSL Exam; SSC MTS; SSC SI & ASI Exam; IBPS SO; IBPS CLERK; RBI ASST. Special Shola forest protection committees were formed involving teachers, nature lovers, ecologists, environmentalists, students and villagers in the Nilgiris. Open Forest – All lands with tree cover (Including mangrove cover) of canopy density between 10% and 40%; Scrub – All forest lands with poor tree growth mainly of small or stunted trees having canopy density less than 10 percent; Non Forest – Any area not included in the above classes. Shola forest . So while making these national parks there are some major policy changes that do happens. Vegetation is double layered storey with closed canopy which hardly permits a single ray of sunlight to penetrate in the natural vegetation. The region was declared as a Reserve Woodland by the Travancore Government in 1897. Ecotone is best defined as: a) the most extensive ecosystem unit which is convenient to designate. RESEARCH INTERESTS My broad interest lies in behavioural ecology and evolutionary biology and I am primarily interested in avian vocal signalling. Based on 15th State of forest report of 2017 conducted by the Forest Survey of India (FSI), the total forest and tree cover is 24.39 percent of the geographical area of the country. (a) 1 and 4 only (b) 2, 3 and 4 only (c) 1, 2 and 3 only (d) 1, 2, 3 and 4 CLICK HERE TO SUBSCRIBE FULL Test Series. This document is highly rated by UPSC students and has been viewed 2 times. According to a report filed by an expert committee formed by the Madras High Court, expanding plantations… Read More JOBS EXAMS. UPSC Syllabus: Mains – GS Paper I – Geography | Prelims: Geography and Environment Sub Theme: Types of climate |Montane climate| UPSC . How to Study Ancient History for UPSC Civil Services Examination. Nilgiri biosphere reserve covers an area of 5500 sq.km in states of Karnataka, Kerala & Tamilnadu. Read Also . 7. 30% of its land area has been degraded through soil erosion, deforestation, extreme weather conditions, or over … The shola grassland ecosystem is characterised by dense growth of trees in the depressions and folds of the Ghats surrounded by extensive areas of grasslands. The flowers of the new species are white with a violet tinge. The Prayas ePathshala is offering important Specia Issue Current Affairs UPSC CSE News Analysis-The Prayas India for preparation of UPSC Civil Service Examination. | EduRev UPSC Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 108 UPSC Students. 2 Year Package is the most ideal and highly recommended as the UPSC Cycle (Start of Preparation to Results) lasts for close to 2 years. How to Reach Mathikettan Shola National Park. Examine the their significance and the threats faced by them. “The wattle is replacing grasslands and Shola forests. Therefore, It becomes the most important topic to find a place in UPSC prelims 2020. ... Chromolaena odorata, Parthenium hysterophorus and Senna spectabilis on the Shola forest and grasslands. Highlights. “Due to excess rainfall, the soil in the shola forest became loose and came down the steep slope of the hill, accumulating boulders and sludge along with it. It is characterised by patches of forest of stunted evergreen shola trees in the hill slopes and grasslands on valleys. Grasslands constitute about 80 per cent of such forests. Shola forest are the source of water in rivers live Cauvery, Thamirabarani, Vaigai. JV’s UPSC 2021 Strategy UPSC Syllabus (Prelims Examination) UPSC Syllabus (Mains Examination) Micro-listing of GS Mains Syllabus UPSC-CSE 35 days strategy for Spectrum Modern History How to cover Indian Polity in an effective manner from M.Laxmikanth by Jatin Verma. Read More: Collegium system of India | Single use plastic | How to prepare for UPSC 2020. D. 15. Deodar is a deciduous variety which grows mainly in the western part of the Himalayan range. Dominant flora and fauna of Mathikettan Shola National Park. (See picture of sholas at the top of this page). Shola forest. Sep 15,2020 - Can u name the hill ranges in India where shola forests are present ,also explain shola forest? Consists of 3 Shola reserve forest:: Idivara Shola Reserve, Pullardi Shola Reserve and Mannavan Shola Reserve: 47: Eravikulam NP: Periyar, Chalakudiyar, Cauvery : Southern montane wet temperate forests, southern west coast evergreen forest, Mixed Deciduous . They were motivated to remove plastic garbage from the nearby forests, protect Shola trees, remove alien species and learn about the importance of the Sholas. Open forest with shrublands and grasslands interspaced with dense trees. Nilgiri Tahr is endemic to the region. Why in News? Its leaves are thick and bristly in nature. 3) Consider the following statements about Shola forest-grassland ecosystem. GOVT. Geography of Mathikettan Shola National Park. UPSC CAPF 2020 Notification; COMMON RECRUITMENT PROCESS FOR RECRUITMENT OF CLERKS IN PARTICIPATING ORGANISATIONS (CRP CLERKS-X) Artificial intelligence jobs see a spike in interest, says Indeed data; View: National Recruitment Agency is a combination of convenience and cost effectiveness for candidates Answer & Explanation. As of June 2020, there were 104 national parks and the latest added one was Anamudi Shola National Park (Newest/Latest one) Which was added in the Year 2003. Trees show stunted growth (owing to wind action) with spreading canopy, twiggy branchlets and foliage of different colours. Here are some policies which are behind these national Parks. Tylophora neglecta has been discovered from the shola forest on the Thooval Mala hill under the Achencoil forest division in Kollam. Which of the statements given above is/are correct ? Ans. Tylophora neglecta has been discovered from the shola forest on the Thooval Mala hill under the Achencoil forest division in Kollam. 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