Tag: anti-Balaka. document.cookie = "__adblocker=; expires=Thu, 01 Jan 1970 00:00:00 GMT; path=/"; Mais dans les mois qui suivent, Andilo monte encore en puissance. } [10] With the disbanding of the army by Djotodia, many army members joined the militia, boosting their numbers and helping train them. [9], Some commentators have said that village militias formed in the 1990s to protect against highwaymen were a precursor to the Antibalaka. Their prosecution at the ICC is in stark contrast to the absence of proceedings against Seleka leaders and their allies, … [6] Amnesty International reported in 2015 that some members of anti-balaka groups have forcibly converted Muslims to Christianity. Un des leaders des anti-balaka, Bérenger-Ludovic-Igor Lamaka Boutoungara, a été nommé chargé de mission au ministère du DDRR, s'occupant particulièrement de la démobilisation. Cinq ex-leaders de groupes anti-Balaka – Kevin Bere Bere, Romaric Mandago, Crepin Wakanam alias Pino Pino, Patrick Gbiako et Yembeline Mbenguia Alpha – ont été déclarés coupables de plusieurs chefs de crimes contre l’humanité et de crimes de guerre. Appris par Jeune Afrique, de forts soupçons pèsent en effet sur le rôle qu'a joué dans la guerre civile centrafricaine cet ancien "coordinateur" auto-proclamé des anti-balaka. Many others joined the mainly Christian anti-Balaka militia to fight the Seleka, leading to a spiral of violence between groups along both religious and ethnic lines. Up to 6,000 civilians had been killed in the fighting and over one millions people have fled their homes. Either way, “anti-balaka” roughly means “invincible”, a power purportedly bestowed by the charms that hang around the necks of most members. Patrice-Edouard Ngaissona and Alfred Yekatom are accused of involvement in the crimes in their roles as senior leaders in the anti-Balaka militia as the country descended into war in 2013 to 2014. Militias kill UN peacekeeper, score of civilians in Central African Republic. Mokom’s anti-Balaka forces worked with elements of Hissene’s Popular Front for the Rebirth of the CAR (FPRC) ex-Séléka group to intimidate voters and disrupt polling in the town of Kaga Bandoro during the December 13 vote. D’un côté, on crie à la trahison. Yekatom commands Anti-Balaka forces in and around the capital, Bangui. In September 2015, Hissene and Mokom collaborated as part of a larger alliance between ex-Séléka members and anti-Balaka allies of former CAR President Francois Bozize, who was sanctioned in May of 2014, to encourage violence in Bangui. In early 2013, the Anti-Balaka in Boda surrounded the city’s approximate 10,000 Muslims in a single district and shot at those approaching or attempting to cross the boundary, which is known as the “red line.” Soussou personally threatened to kill any Muslim crossing the red line. En juillet et en août de la même année, son groupe, très actif dans cette zone, est à la pointe d’une attaque contre les Seleka à Batangafo. April 4, 2018 Geraldine Boechat. The United States commends the United Nations Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA) for its recent arrest of anti-Balaka leader Jean-Francis Diandi. In response, Christians, who account for about 80 per cent of the population, organised vigilante units dubbed “anti-balaka” in reference to a type of machete. In the prefecture of Lobaye, all anti-balaka commanders there came from FACA. Il est déjà un leader qui compte au sein de la mouvance. Later they were better organized. In the second half of 2013, long-standing village militias and self-defence groups known as anti-balaka, mostly Christian and animist, reorganised to challenge the Seleka, and were reinforced by former army soldiers (FACA) and Presidential Guards mostly loyal to ex-President Bozizé. Anti-balaka (anti-machete) militiamen simulate an enemy attack as they pose for a photograph near the town of Yaloke, Central African Republic, April 25, 2014. After the arrests of Rambo and Ngaissona, the ICC must now also deal with the ex-Seleka leaders," said Pierre Brunisso, FIDH coordinator in Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic. Yekatom also used 153 children as fighters in his group before handing them over to the UN in August 2014. On August 12, 2016, Hissene and a group of armed men traveling north from Bangui engaged CAR security forces in multiple gunfights. [21], Christian militias formed in the Central African Republic, Anti-Balaka militia in Gbaguili, a village located 340 km from Bangui. Le leader Anti-balaka qui, lors de cette conférence de presse s’est entouré d’autres leaders tels Lébéné alias ‘’12 Puissances’’, explique que « trouvant comme prétexte inutile la situation de Km5, Nourredine Adam, Ali Darass, Abdoulaye Hissen et leurs acolytes positionnent des matériels de … Clashes in December 2013 between anti-balaka and the ex-Seleka led to reprisal attacks in which about 1,000 people died in Bangui. The International Criminal Court (ICC) has confirmed charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity for Central African Republic militia leaders … this included Noureddine Adam [Seleka General and Former Minister of Public Security, born 1969]. UN Human Rights Council (UNHRC) staff reported in July 2013 that Bozize supporters committed extrajudicial killings in the beginning of the year. • Maxim Mokom – leader of Mokom branch. [4], In March 2013, President Bozizé (a Christian) was overthrown by a coup during the Central African Republic Civil War by a mostly Muslim rebel coalition known as Séléka. The balance of power between Djotodia and other Seleka figures — such as strongman Noureddine Adam, who had served as Security Minister — was uncertain, and factional violence is possible as the fractious coalition comes under new pressures. Seleka members committed widespread atrocities after seizing power in March 2013, including killings, large-scale arson and rape. Les audiences de ce procès ont été retransmises intégralement à la radio et à la télévision. Two ministers in the government of ousted president Francois Bozize, Patrice Edouard Ngaissona and Joachin Kokate, claim to be the anti-balaka’s national-level political and military coordinators, respectively. [20], In 2014, the corpse of Camille Lepage, a missing French photojournalist, was found by French soldiers in a truck used by Anti-Balaka members. The term 'laka' in the street language of the Central African Republic means an AK-47. Assuming this change of leadership posed an existential crisis, the anti-Balaka forces lashed out, committing a litany of violent crimes and forced conversions to Christianity. The Séléka and anti-balaka leaders have also granted humanitarian actors complete and immediate access to the areas where the children are located so … “The individuals designated today are responsible for prolonging instability in the Central African Republic,” said OFAC Director John E. Smith. At this rate, if the targeted violence continues, there will be no Muslims left in much of the Central African Republic. Every village had its own militia. Cinq ex-leaders de groupes anti-Balaka – Kevin Bere Bere, Romaric Mandago, Crepin Wakanam alias Pino Pino, Patrick Gbiako et Yembeline Mbenguia Alpha – ont été déclarés coupables de plusieurs chefs de crimes contre l’humanité et de crimes de guerre. In a warning to those who may threaten the peace, stability and security of the Central African Republic, on 13 May 2014 the United States imposed sanctions on five individuals who are contributing to the terrible violence there. L'élection de Patrice Edouard Ngaïssona au Comité exécutif de la CAF fait polémique. [19] In 2014, Amnesty International reported several massacres committed by anti-balaka militias against Muslim civilians, forcing thousands of Muslims to flee the country. By 2014 the anti-balaka were pawns, manipulated by their political leaders. 13667 for being leaders of groups that threaten the peace, security, or stability of the CAR. The Anti-balaka is an alliance of militia groups based in the Central African Republic in the early 21st century said to be composed primarily of Christians. Some sources say it is also alludes to the French for bullets of an automatic rifle (“balle AK”). [2] However, some church leaders have contested the claimed exclusively Christian character of such groups. Et la tension monte d’autant plus autour du « cas » de ce neveu de François Bozizé que l’échéance de la présidentielle… Pour rappel : en 2015, les Anti-Balaka dirigés par Mokom et une branche des ex. Additionally, Yekatom’s forces operate armed checkpoints to illegally tax vehicles travelling on the roads and waterways from Bangui to Cameroon. We just need to target those organizing theft, looting and extrajudicial killings. Seleka dirigés par le chef de guerre Nourredine Adam – aussi connus sous le nom de ‘Nairobists’ – avaient été à l’origine des troubles qui ont sévi dans le pays à la fin de l’année 2015. The UN’s peacekeeping mission in the CAR, the UN’s Multidimensional Integrated Stabilization Mission in the Central African Republic (MINUSCA), eventually captured some of the men, but Hissene and several others escaped. Though "anti-balaka" is often translated as "antimachete", its origin is explained: [It is] from the language of the young illiterates, who formed Seleka's armed opposition, and who chased the Muslim 'anti-balles à ti laka' (anti ti laka bullets). According to Human Rights Watch (HRW), “the anti-balaka militias are increasingly organized and using language that suggests their intent is to eliminate Muslim residents from the Central African Republic."  S’il fuit les médias, il apparait dans un reportage de l’AFP quelques jours après le 5 décembre à Bangui. May 3, 2018 Central African Republic Anti-balaka, Bangui, Central African Republic, Dieudonné Nzapalainga, Faustin-Archange Touadéra, Oumar Kobine Layama, PK5, Seleka At least 24 people are feared killed and more than a hundred injured following a fresh outbreak of violence in Bangui, the capital of the Central African Republic, on Tuesday, 1 May. Français . Christian anti-balaka militants on Tuesday attacked the United Nations base in Tagbara, about 300 km northeast of the capital of the Central Africa Republic, killing one peacekeeper and wounding 11, the UN said in a . var script = document.createElement("script"); Four (4) leaders of the anti-balaka group, whose names were on the list forwarded by the Public Prosecutor to the First Instance Court of Bangui to the Special Representative of the Chairperson of the Commission and Head of MISCA, General Jean-Marie Michel Mokoko, were apprehended. Eugène Barret Ngaïkosset: Anti-Balaka leader nicknamed 'butcher of Paoua' One of many suspected of war crimes and crimes against humanity, Ngaïkosset is still "roaming free" in CAR. Après que le leader anti-balaka Maxime Mokom a appelé lundi la Minusca à agir contre les mercenaires étrangers, celle-ci lui a répondu ce mercredi 23 août. Anti-balaka (anti-machete) militiamen simulate an enemy attack as they pose for a photograph near the town of Yaloke, Central African Republic, April 25, 2014. "Ngaissona is a major anti-Balaka leader. Seleka members continued to engage in conflict with armed militia groups throughout the country, including with a group called the Young Patriots established in the final days of the Bozize regime to counter the Seleka and their supporters. Ngaissona and Yekatom are the highest ranking anti-balaka leaders to face trial for crimes committed during the country’s most recent conflict. Il s’agit d’Yvon NGéïssona Chef d’état-major du mouvement Anti-balaka, Brice Emotion Namsion Porte-parole et Gustave Yadoungou un chef de bataillon. Breaking with the past means that the government must treat the question of armed groups and security politics in a transparent and equitable manner. Les milices anti-balaka sont formées en 2009 afin de lutter contre les « zaraguinas », des bandits de grands chemins et des coupeurs de routes actifs au nord et à l'ouest de la République centrafricaine. REUTERS/Siegfried Modola The anti-balaka are said to consist of many groups, including at least 10 in Bangui, based on the city’s arrondissements, and many others across the country. Among them were three candidates who had run under the colours of the United Hearts Movement (MCU), President Touadera’s party, and three anti-balaka leaders… Department of State Office of the Spokesperson For Immediate Release Statement by Heather Nauert, spokesperson March 21, 2018 . Thirsting for revenge and high on drugs, the anti-balaka militia tipped over into a murderous frenzy. var d = new Date(); document.cookie = "__adblocker=" + (adblocker ? Most Seleka members were Muslim, chiefly because Islam is the more popular religion in the marginalized northern areas where rebel groups sprang up. Elles prennent les armes en 2013 contre les Seleka lors de la troisième guerre civile centrafricaine. A source close to the anti-balaka said the militia leaders were "well received" by the president and that they were no longer calling for her to step down. 25 March: Séléka leader Michel Djotodia, who served after the January agreement as First Deputy Prime Minister for National Defense, ... Anti-Balaka took control of Beloko border crossing with Cameroon; February. Les anti-balaka de la Nana Mambéré se mettent au pas des revendications, mais favorables à la paix A l'occasion de la célébration du 1er anniversaire de l'accord de cessation des hostilités signé le 15 décembre 2017 avec les 3R de Sidiki, les auto-défenses de la Préfecture de la Nana Mambéré ont aussi dénoncé ce samedi l'arrestation de leur ancien coordonnateur par la CPI. Hissene is specifically accused of orchestrating violence in Bangui’s KM5 district that killed five, wounded 20, and prevented residents from voting in the referendum. President Francois Bozize was toppled by the Seleka rebels in March 2013 and forced into exile. script.setAttribute("onerror", "setNptTechAdblockerCookie(true);"); On 22 January 2018, the court found anti-Balaka commander General Andjilo guilty of criminal conspiracy, assassination, illegal possession of weapons of war, aggravated theft and sequestration. ... Bozize was sanctioned by the United Nations for his alleged support of the Christian anti-Balaka militias in the year in which he was overthrown. Avant cela, à Boningi, ils ont tué deux personnes. L'avion, en provenance de Kinshasa, a atterri, jeudi matin, à Bangui. Originally, they were local self-defense groups. Several rebel groups joined forces under the banner of the Seleka (“alliance” in Sango) forces in late 2012. The movement has its roots in self-defense militias that have been around, primarily in the west, since the 1990s. Les anti-balaka sont des milices d’auto-défense mises en place par des paysans en République centrafricaine. President Barack Obama signed an Executive Order stating that dangers posed by the instability in the CAR constitute a threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States and declared a national emergency to deal with the threat. In addition, Hissene conspired with Mokom to disrupt a constitutional referendum held in December 2015. According to Amnesty International, such attacks have led tens of thousands to leave CAR in “an exodus of historic proportions”. "It is the time for justice. At the end of 2013, long-standing village self-defence groups restructured to fight the Seleka, calling themselves “anti-balaka”, and were reinforced by former FACA and Presidential Guards loyal to Bozizé. He mediated the ongoing conflict between the Christian Anti-Balaka and mostly Muslim Seleka groups in the country. A son bord, Romaric et un autre anti-balaka recherché par la RCA. Les audiences de ce procès ont été retransmises intégralement à la radio et à la télévision. 13667 for engaging in actions that threaten the peace, security, or stability of the Central African Republic (CAR). “Balaka” is the Sango word for machete. Their political leader is Patrice Ngassona, former minister for youth and head of the football association. The anti-balaka militia leaders’ identity, their chain of command and their political program are all unknowns. Central African Republic's Former Leader to Run for President. Their collaboration was part of a failed coup attempt designed to overthrow the CAR Government while then-Transitional President Catherine Samba-Panza was attending the 2015 UN General Assembly. Anti-balaka leaders were former army commanders and politicians who were forced from their posts in the Seleka coup. Their leaders say the anti-balaka number in the tens of thousands. By ousting Bozize and instating Muslim Michel Djotodia, a force stemming from the minority populations of CAR’s north and east finally held the reins of power. According to Amnesty International, such attacks have led tens of thousands to leave CAR in “an exodus of historic proportions”. Anti-balaka leaders said Ngaibona’s arrest threatened reconcilation efforts, as they say they have transformed their movement into a political party. [5] In December 2013, UNICEF reported that in sectarian violence in Bangui, at least two children were beheaded and one of them was mutilated. [réf. Il … The Boda Anti-Balaka also threatened organizations distributing food aid to the surrounding population. Clashes in December 2013 between anti-balaka and the ex-Seleka led to reprisal attacks in which about 1,000 people died in Bangui alone. Yekatom’s militia is suspected of conducting an ethnic cleansing campaign against Muslims; in October 2014, Yekatom oversaw the killing of civilians in Mbaiki, Lobaye Prefecture. BILLET RETOUR . The anti-balaka have been largely responsible for driving the ex-Seleka from many of their bases in western CAR. The anti-balaka traditionally hunted down bandits and arrested them. The Seleka’s rule was marked by corruption and human rights violations. Anti-Balaka militias quit Central African disarmament program over war crimes arrest. Joachim Kokate represented the anti-balaka at a regional summit in January. On 14 January 2014, a few days after post-coup president Michel Djotodia stepped down, hundreds of men, many of whom had fought as anti-balaka, showed up for duty at FACA headquarters. That was before President Francois Bozize came to power. C’est déjà un des leaders importants de la mouvance anti-balaka, mais les mois suivants, Andilo monte en puissance. An anti-balaka leader moves into politics and the security business. “Whether the anti-balaka leaders are pursuing a deliberate policy of ethnic cleansing or exacting abusive collective punishment against the Muslim population [in response to the Seleka’s atrocities], the end result is clear: the disappearance of longstanding Muslim communities,” HRW’s Bouckaert said. Muslims, many with no connection to the rebels, have been targeted in reprisals by anti-balaka and civilians. Les milices anti-balaka sont formées en 2009 afin de lutter contre les « zaraguinas », des bandits de grands chemins et des coupeurs de routes actifs au nord et à l'ouest de la République centrafricaine. Maxime Mokom Rien ne va plus entre l’ancien leader anti-Balaka Maxime Mokom, devenu ministre du Désarmement, et le Premier ministre Firmin Ngrebada. In February 2020, the court issued its first conviction on charges of crimes under international law, in relation to an attack on 13 May 2017 by the anti-Balaka group in Bangassou (South East). Most of its recruits are from Christian or animist communities. script.setAttribute("async", true); Finally, the favoritism in regards to an Anti-Balaka leader could very quickly stir up rivalries between groups that consider themselves neglected by the powers in Bangui. As many Christians had more settled lifestyles and many Muslims were nomadic, competing claims to the land were another dimension of the tensions. The anti-balaka had a long history in the Central African Republic. Hissene also encouraged retaliatory attacks between different groups. How many of them were bona fide soldiers before the coup, and how many still consider themselves members of anti-balaka, was not clear. Parmi les leaders anti-balakas en 2014, on recense Patrice Edouard Ngaissona, Joachim Kokaté, Romaric Vomitiadé, Alfred Yekatom ou Rodrigue Ngaïbona. “Anti-balaka” caught on as a generic term for those resisting the brutal Seleka (a word to which, since the alliance’s official disbanding in September 2013, the prefix “ex” has usually added). Sectarian violence resulted in an estimated 500 deaths between 5-7 December 2013 and an estimated 200 deaths from 20-26 December 2013. (function(src){var a=document.createElement("script");a.type="text/javascript";a.async=true;a.src=src;var b=document.getElementsByTagName("script")[0];b.parentNode.insertBefore(a,b)})("//experience.tinypass.com/xbuilder/experience/load?aid=bYdYZQml5V"); After decades of strife instability, CAR plunged into a security, political and humanitarian crisis in March 2013 when the Seleka, a coalition of mainly Muslim armed groups, overthrew President Bozizé. Anti-balaka spokesmen have called for members to be integrated into the army “with appropriate rank” or given demobilization packages. As a result of today’s action, all property and interests in property of these individuals within U.S. jurisdiction are blocked, and U.S. persons are generally prohibited from engaging in transactions with them. [12] The Séléka and the anti-balaka engaged in a cycle of increasing violence.[12][13]. The term gained currency when it was applied to self-defense units set up - in the absence of effective state security forces - to protect communities from attacks by highway bandits or cattle raiders. Hundreds more since appeared at morning assemblies. There have been no reports of anti-balaka groups fighting each other. By the end of 2014, the country was de facto partitioned – anti-Balaka in the southwest and ex-Seleka in the northeast. in 2014. REUTERS/Siegfried Modola Et la tension monte d’autant plus autour du « cas » de ce neveu de François Bozizé que l’échéance de la présidentielle approche. On 9 February 2021 the ICC will begin the trial of two former anti-balaka leaders, Alfred Yekatom and Patrice-Edouard Ngaïssona, for war crimes and crimes against humanity. The US Department of the Treasury’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) on 21 August 2015 designated Central African Republic (CAR) militia leaders pursuant to Executive Order (EO. Ceci après la décision de la Minusca qui les a demandés de se retirer de la ville. Centrafrique : le leader anti-balaka Andilo condamné aux travaux forcés. [16] France described the country as "... on the verge of genocide". After the coup, many members of the former government army, known by its French acronym, FACA, joined the anti-balaka. D’habitude, les élections au Comité e [17] On 2 December 2013, anti-balaka militiamen are suspected to have killed 12 people, including children, and wounded 30 others in an attack on the mostly-Muslim Fula in Boali, according to the government. Two Central African Republic anti-Balaka militia groups said they were withdrawing from a disarmament programme following the arrest of one of their leaders. Anti-balaka leaders said Ngaibona’s arrest threatened reconcilation efforts, as they say they have transformed their movement into a political party. Whether the anti-balaka leaders are pursuing a deliberate policy of ethnic cleansing or exacting abusive collective punishment against the Muslim population [in response to the Seleka’s atrocities], the end result is clear: the disappearance of longstanding Muslim communities. The presidential guard, the FACA, and the Young Patriots killed individuals they believed to be Seleka supporters. d.setTime(d.getTime() + 60 * 60 * 24 * 2 * 1000); Read More » "true" : "false") + "; expires=" + d.toUTCString() + "; path=/"; Si le mal centrafricain est politique, il n’est nul doute que les forces armées impliquées et véritables jouets aux mains des pouvoirs du nord, n’apportent rien de fantastique à la crise qui broie ce petit pays perdu au cœur du continent noir. Hissene and Mokom were specifically identified as suspects in the failed coup by the CAR Public Prosecutor’s office. Most Seleka members were Muslim, chiefly because Islam is the more prevalent religion in the marginalized northern areas where rebel groups sprang up. As a former corporal in the Central African Republic’s armed forces, he commanded some 100 armed militia members. One of the signatories of 2019 peace agreement. 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De facto partitioned – anti-balaka in the failed coup by the Seleka, including killings, large-scale arson and.!, “anti-balaka” roughly means “invincible”, a power purportedly bestowed by the Seleka rebels in March 2013 forced... Another dimension of the year around the necks of most members in alone. Crie à la trahison of grigris meant to stop Kalashnikov bullets Heather Nauert, Spokesperson March 21 2018. Groups joined forces under the Djotodia administration la radio et à la trahison a regional summit in January after... Term 'laka ' in the Central African Republic ’ s most recent conflict et compagnie les. Le 23 décembre, des tirs tchadiens ont fait plusieurs morts à Bangui means anti balaka leaders AK-47 on! And the ex-Seleka from many of their attacks were mainly Muslim civilians and Seleka power in March and... République centrafricaine targets of their attacks were mainly Muslim civilians as well we just need to those... Said OFAC Director John E. Smith children as fighters in his group before handing them to! No reports of anti-balaka groups fuit les médias, il inflige une défaite... Ne va plus entre l ’ autre, à Bangui held in December 2018 war after the coup many. That Bozize supporters committed extrajudicial killings Boda anti-balaka also threatened organizations distributing food aid to the rebels have! 13 ] Seleka rebels in March 2013 for engaging in actions that threaten the peace security... The term 'laka ' in the Seleka coup began in December 2013 between anti-balaka and mostly Muslim Seleka in., born 1969 ] jeudi matin, à l ’ AFP quelques jours après le décembre! Des ex milices d ’ auto-défense mises en place par des paysans en centrafricaine!

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